Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): Effects, Causes And Symptoms

PCOS is a commonly occurring problem with many women out there. It stands for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and this is the problem that has a straight affect on the hormone levels of women. In simple language, when a woman’s body begins to produce more of the male hormone, she is known to be suffering from PCOS. This leads to an irregularity in the menstrual cycle as lesser chances of the occurrence of pregnancy. 

So, let’s learn about some of the important details related to PCOS. 

SYMPTOMS OF PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)

As they say that half or less knowledge is dangerous, it is important to know about the symptoms of PCOD rather than blindly concluding that you are suffering from it. But on the other hand, as per some of the studies that have been conducted, as many as approximately 70% of the women who had been suffering from PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) hadn’t been diagnosed with the same. The symptoms of PCOD are:

Irregular menstrual cycle and heavy flow 

PCOD leads to an irregularity in the menstrual cycle of a woman as it leads to a lack of ovulation. The count reduces to less than 8 cycles in a year. Additionally, the lining begins to build upon the lining of the uterus and once a woman gets her periods, the blood flow can be more than normal. 

Hair growth and acne 

Women tend to witness hair growth on their face and other body parts like back, belly as well as the chest. The skin also becomes oilier than usual, thus leading to the production of acne. 

Increased weight and patchy skin 

PCOS also leads to increasing the weight of women further leading to obesity. Women develop dark patches on the skin also like in the area around the neck and under the chest. 


The causes of PCOS can range from high levels of androgen within women, the increased irregularity in the menstrual cycles as well as the occurrence of cysts in the ovaries. A pelvic exam should up taken with the help of the doctor in such cases. 


PCOD/PCOS in women can lead to a lot of problems both in the long as well as in the short run. 

Sleep Apnea and Depression 

Sleep apnea is mostly occurring in women who have gained a lot of weight. In simple terms, sleep apnea means that there are continuous pauses that occur while breathing at night. The result is disrupted sleep. Negative emotions are on the rise too, which leads to depression in women. 

Endometrial Cancer and other health problems

Irregular periods result in building up of the uterus lining which increases the risk of endometrial cancer. Risk of other problems like infertility as well as high BP, low good cholesterol as well as high bad cholesterol is increased. 

It is suggested to have your gynecologist consulted frequently to prevent the risks of such problems. 

Related Articles

Back to top button