The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs in the renal system. The function of the kidney is to pass waste as urine and filter blood before sending it back to the heart. There are several reasons for kidney damage, among which, high blood pressure and diabetes are the two most common causes of kidney failure. Kidneys can also become damaged from a physical injury or other disorders. Kidney failure, also called end-stage renal disease (ESRD), is the last stage of chronic kidney disease.
Rules And Ways to Keep Your Kidney Healthy
Controlling your blood sugar
Diabetes, which is one of the common reasons which may result in kidney damage. When your body’s cells can’t use the glucose (sugar) in your blood, your kidneys are forced to work extra hard to filter your blood. This can really prove to be life-threatening damage. In order to control blood sugar, you have to decrease your carbohydrate intake and increase fibre intake. Drinking enough water may help you keep your blood sugar levels within healthy limits. Choose Foods With a Low Glycemic Index. Foods with a low glycemic index include seafood, meat, eggs, oats, barley, beans, lentils, legumes, sweet potatoes, corn, yams, most fruits and non-starchy vegetables.
Monitor blood pressure
As discussed earlier, high blood pressure is one of the common reasons which causes kidney damage. If high blood pressure occurs with other health issues like diabetes, heart disease, or high cholesterol, the impact on your body can be more significant. Few changes in your lifestyle and diet can help you lower blood pressure levels. A healthy blood pressure reading is 120/80.
Prehypertension is between that point and 139/89. Blood pressure readings above 140/90 are clear indications of high blood pressure. Lowering sodium intake and increasing intake of potassium-rich foods can help in controlling high blood pressure. Eating dark chocolates, managing stress and cutting back on caffeine lowers your blood pressure.
Keeping a check on your diet and weight
Being overweight and obese increase the risk for a number of health conditions that can damage the kidneys. Eat a healthy balanced diet which includes all the micronutrients and macronutrients. Focus on eating fresh ingredients that are naturally low-sodium, such as cauliflower, blueberries, fish, whole grains, and more.
Don’t overdo it with over-the-counter medications
Common non-prescription pills like ibuprofen and naproxen (NSAIDs) can cause kidney damage. Consumption of these medicines daily could be risking your kidneys’ health. Sometimes people take these medicines for chronic pain or arthritis, which requires a direct consultation to your doctor about monitoring your kidney function or finding alternative ways to control your pain.
Indulging in regular physical activity can stave off weight gain and high blood pressure. But, in that case, if you are at high risk of heart disease, do not exercise too much. A proper work out should be designed by your physician before beginning any new workout program.
Smoking causes severe damage to your blood vessels, which decreases the flow of blood in the kidneys. When the kidneys don’t have an adequate flow of blood, they cannot function properly, hence, restricting the flow of blood. Smoking also increases the risk of high blood pressure as well as the risk of kidney cancer. Therefore, quit it before it causes any damage to any part of your body.